Does your league allow captains to run teams if they are not on the roster? Our league does, and I wondered if these captains are more or less likely to build top teams in questionable ways. I can think of five captains in my league who were not on the roster (or were on the roster but didn't play). One was my old 3.0 ladies captain. His wife was on the team, and he played men's. He captained (IMHO) so he could make money off of the players by teaching lessons and charging $10 to come to practice. It wasn't a successful season. Another is a lady who took her ladies team to Nationals. She always had a top team, but rumors swirl that she instructs her self-rates to throw games to avoid DQs and invites players on the team, lets them think they will play, and then won't play them. Another is my old 4.0 captain. He teaches lessons but doesn't pressure anyone to use him, and (very good) practices are free. Some said he was "intense" but I didn't see it that way. It was mostly a group of 3.5s playing up so we didn't win much, and I don't see how that fits with "intense." I never saw anything unethical going on. Another is a mixed captain who always had one of the top teams, although he isn't a strong player and rarely plays. When you get bumped up, you get dropped. I have heard that his teams are very competitive, but I've never heard of anything unethical. The last guy is a fellow who used to play but cannot anymore due to medical issues. His wife plays, and he says he captains because he loves the sport and this is the best he can do for now. His teams don't do well, but he is loyal to his players and their team has minimal turnover. On the whole, it seems like non-playing captains aren't any more cut-throat than their counterparts who play on their teams. That surprises me because I would think that a non-playing captain could easily become overly invested in the success of the team, especially since he or she cannot bask in the glow of any individual victories on the court.