Platform stance serve - leg push

Discussion in 'Tennis Tips/Instruction' started by frank19991999, Jun 5, 2010.

  1. frank19991999

    frank19991999 New User

    Joined:
    Aug 30, 2007
    Messages:
    42
    I realize the back leg is the first one to leave the ground, does it mean is the one who does most of the pushing coming off the trophy position ?
    Thx
     
    #1
  2. CallOfBooty

    CallOfBooty Rookie

    Joined:
    Aug 25, 2009
    Messages:
    142
    Don't quote me on this, but I am pretty sure that it is the front leg that does more pushing. The front leg does most of the pushing, so that means the back leg would leave the ground first. Think of the crossover step; when moving from left to right while utilizing the crossover step, your left leg comes up first so your right leg can keep the balance and continue pushing off for more power.
     
    #2
  3. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    The back leg is a strong contributor to the initial movement of the body forward & upward. However, I'd say the the front leg is probably the larger contributor to leg push upward.
     
    #3
  4. corners

    corners Legend

    Joined:
    Jul 31, 2008
    Messages:
    5,441
    Definitely the front foot. Your weight is moving forward throughout the motion and so you end up launching off the front foot. I use a platform stance and recently realized that my tendency to not toss far enough in front, to fall to the side and to stress my shoulder are all related to not getting my weight moving onto that front foot before launch (thanks Tricky).

    A little drill I've come up with recently is to throw (or even pretend to throw) a football from my platform stance. I notice right away that my weight flows smoothly and quickly forward and onto the front foot. When I serve this is not always the case, so the drill reinforces this strong forward drive.

    I also sometimes alternate between platform and bringing the rear leg up into the pinpoint. This also cues your body to get your weight and momentum moving forward. You can still hit a serve off your back foot, but it's a bit like hitting any other shot off the back foot - weak.

    The platform stance is really interesting and I don't really understand it, but it seems to offer two unique things: 1) with the rear foot behind the front (like Sampras or Fed) you show your back to the opponent, which makes the serve very hard to read, and 2) having that rear foot back there means you can rotate the hips back as well. This allows your center of gravity to be moving forward onto your front foot but still be under a toss pretty far to the left. This allows the left toss, but into the court, even on 1st serves, giving that heavy drive-kick.
     
    #4
  5. Blee1613

    Blee1613 Semi-Pro

    Joined:
    Feb 13, 2010
    Messages:
    414
    Really? I never knew that. I always had my weight on my back leg. And then I jump upwards with my back leg because when I bend backwards thats just where the weight naturally goes. But you said that those shots are weak. Then why do I have a very strong and fast serve?
     
    #5
  6. supineAnimation

    supineAnimation Professional

    Joined:
    Nov 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,032
    I've had to learn to serve solely off my back foot and it can be done without much sacrifice of power or spin as long as the other elements of the mechanics are there. The bigger problem is not being able to land solely on that front foot after contact as one should and as I always did when I had the use of both feet. It makes it tougher to get ready for the next shot, particularly if the returner hits a deep, hard return.
     
    #6
  7. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    back foot for me too. maybe corners can post a vid showing this.
     
    #7
  8. Fedace

    Fedace Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 10, 2006
    Messages:
    23,292
    Location:
    San Diego, CA
    NO NO. Upwards chain reaction starts with back Leg. If you start with front leg, you will fall flat on your face.
     
    #8
  9. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    Plenty of videos out there showing elite servers (Sampras, Federer, Roddic, etc) shifting the weight from the back foot to the front. The weight is generally on the back foot during the down phase of the arms. However, as the arms move upward for the toss and the trophy position, the weigh shifts forward and the back foot comes off the ground before the front foot does.

    You can certainly achieve strong/fast serves with a different technique. The question is tho', does your particular motion put undue stress on some part of the body? Are you able to drive upward and forward on your serve?
     
    #9
  10. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    Reread. That is what I said.

    (edit: it just occurred to me that you may have been facetious).
    .
     
    Last edited: Jun 6, 2010
    #10
  11. Fedace

    Fedace Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 10, 2006
    Messages:
    23,292
    Location:
    San Diego, CA
    I see ok. :)
     
    #11
  12. Blee1613

    Blee1613 Semi-Pro

    Joined:
    Feb 13, 2010
    Messages:
    414
    Oh ok, my bad.
    I do start with my weight on my back foot but as I get ready to jump my weight shifts into my front foot.
     
    #12
  13. Fedace

    Fedace Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 10, 2006
    Messages:
    23,292
    Location:
    San Diego, CA
    then how do you push off with your right foot with all the weight on the left foot ??????:confused:
     
    #13
  14. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    a small insignificant detail...:)
     
    #14
  15. Fedace

    Fedace Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 10, 2006
    Messages:
    23,292
    Location:
    San Diego, CA
    You will Fall flat on your face sideways if this is the case.
     
    #15
  16. supineAnimation

    supineAnimation Professional

    Joined:
    Nov 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,032
    He may mean that more of his weight shifts to his front foot, but I think most use both legs in some combination.
     
    #16
  17. Blee1613

    Blee1613 Semi-Pro

    Joined:
    Feb 13, 2010
    Messages:
    414
    My weight shifts right before I jump
     
    #17
  18. corners

    corners Legend

    Joined:
    Jul 31, 2008
    Messages:
    5,441
    I hit some of serves around 95 mph the other day with poor weight transfer - jumping off the back foot. Serving fast off the back foot can be done... heck, serving fast off your knees is possible too. I can also serve faster if I get my weight moving into the ball and find it stresses my shoulder less. It's also, as people have written above, possible to serve with the front foot off the ground. But to do it well you have to fall forward during the swing and land on the front foot.

    Take a look at this post/thread, where resident mechanical expert tricky addresses weight transfer in the platform stance with a one-foot drill:

    http://tt.tennis-warehouse.com/showthread.php?p=4441232&highlight=platform#post4441232

    Here's another post that helped me identify how I was falling and back and to the side as I served from the platform:

    http://tt.tennis-warehouse.com/showpost.php?p=4065386&postcount=29

    And here's an interesting article talking about the difference between a "pull-through" serve, where the weight and momentum does not flow forward into the ball, and the "drive" serve, where it does.

    http://www.stms.nl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1204&Itemid=283

    This article notes that a failure to setup and execute the "drive" kinetic chain can be caused by weakness and poor loading of the front leg. However, it also notes "The trunk rotates around the stable post of the front leg as it is pushed up by the back leg muscles." This is interesting but seems to confuse the issue a bit. Seems like everyone in this thread is partially right.
     
    Last edited: Jun 7, 2010
    #18
  19. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    #19
  20. Fedace

    Fedace Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 10, 2006
    Messages:
    23,292
    Location:
    San Diego, CA
    #20
  21. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    pushing off equally means both if not mistaken.
     
    #21
  22. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    There is no argument that both legs push off. However, this does not imply that they push off equally. The back foot comes off the ground while the front leg/foot is still pushing. Seems doubtful that the contributions to the upward motion is equal. However, I don't believe that it is really all that important anyway.
     
    #22
  23. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    what % do each perform?

    btw - the FYB link person (WH) states weight equal on each foot at around the 10+ sec mark.
     
    #23
  24. Fedace

    Fedace Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 10, 2006
    Messages:
    23,292
    Location:
    San Diego, CA
    If so you could fall flat sideways.
     
    #24
  25. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    Don't know the % (as I siad previously, probably not really that important).

    Yes, the weight may very well be evenly distributed at the trophy phase (or just prior to this). However, the leg drive does not really happen until after this -- as the racket head drops (to the scratch position), the legs start to drive upward.
     
    #25
  26. stules

    stules Rookie

    Joined:
    Aug 25, 2006
    Messages:
    249
    One of the articles on 'tennisplayer' describes 'driving' off the legs, as opposed to jumping. It emphasises this difference as being very important.

    Someone else may be able to describe that better. The direction of your where your body is balanced (and hence weight distribution on each leg) at the time you initiate the upwards motion from the trophy, combined with the force (and duration of force) applied to each leg, will together dictate the launch direction.

    What I am inelegantly saying is that you will need differently apportioned leg drive to launch into the position that is dictated by your toss.
     
    #26
  27. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    it might be important if it affects launch direction.
     
    #27
  28. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    this is what i also visualized.
     
    #28
  29. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    this post from another thread totally supports the balanced leg push.
     
    #29
  30. SuperDuy

    SuperDuy Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Sep 17, 2009
    Messages:
    2,518
    I am having trouble get the leg push into the court with this stance also, what can I do to get more foreword momentum and leg push? now I tend to sway back then jump into the court but it doesn't feel right, is there anyway to get it with the correct mechanics?
     
    #30
  31. corners

    corners Legend

    Joined:
    Jul 31, 2008
    Messages:
    5,441
    Check out the links to posts by "tricky" earlier in this thread. An advanced search for "platform", author: tricky will give you more on the subject. In my opinion it's difficult not to get your weight moving forward using pinpoint stance as you shift all of your weight onto the front foot when you bring up the rear one. But with the platform it's easy to let your momentum lag. Tricky's one-foot drill worked well for me in fixing this issue. That many really knows his stuff.

    It's also important, in my opinion to make sure your legs are strong enough. In a pinpoint you can only drop as low as your front leg will allow, since all of your weight is on that leg. But with the platform, since your knee bend occurs when you have weight on both you legs, you can actually get lower than your front leg can handle. Then, when you're supposed to be shifting all of your weight toward your front foot, your front leg really can't handle it, as you're now actually too low. This results in a lag in forward momentum and failure to get yourself into the court when you explode upward. Instead you kind of rotate around and to the side, especially if you are using a toss to the left, like Sampras and Fed.

    Another thing tricky mentioned is that if you are failing to get your weight forward in the platform your tossing arm will tend to go beyond vertical and wander off to the side. One way to work on balance and leg strength at the same time is to get into your trophy pose and then stop. Notice if your left arm is vertical. If it's not, move it there and stretch it up a little bit. You'll probably notice a diffference in the way your weight is distributed on your feet, especially the pressure you feel on the front foot.

    If you stay in the trophy pose and move your tossing arm from vertical, past vertical (to the side) and back again you'll feel your center of gravity shift forward and backward. You can then feel how, if you let your arm drift past vertical, your weight shifts onto the back foot. If the number one rule in serving is to keep your momentum moving forward from start to finish, then letting that arm go past vertical really puts a jam in that plan.
     
    Last edited: Jun 17, 2010
    #31
  32. charliefedererer

    charliefedererer Legend

    Joined:
    Feb 13, 2009
    Messages:
    5,639
    Your goal should be to push off equally hard with both legs to avoid an overuse leg injury.

    The key in the equal leg pushoff is balance of your body weight over both feet in the trophy position.

    As the ball reaches the apex of the toss, you should be staring up at it with a deep knee bend, full body coil, and to counterbalance the bow shape of your body the front hip has to be out forward.

    But despite all of this coiling/bow/knee bend you must be balanced with your body weight over both legs.

    Now try to push off equally hard from both legs.

    Well, because of your body position with a deeper knee bend of the rear leg (because you are shaped like a bow), your rear leg is going to end up pushing off a little harder at first until both knees are unbent to an equal extent, and then your front leg is going to be pushing off longer (at least on a flat serve) because your cartwheel action is going to be bringing your body forward into the court, and your center of gravity is going to pass over the baseline as you tilt forward, so your front leg will be the last one pushing off as your back leg has already lifted off the ground.

    This is WAY TOO MUCH TO BE THINKING ABOUT WHEN SERVING.

    So just be balanced in your trophy pose and have the goal of pushing off equally hard with both legs and you will "will" your body to do it right.

    (Yes, SA if you are reading, I am agreeing with everything you said. I just couldn't help myself posting.)
     
    Last edited: Jun 17, 2010
    #32
  33. charliefedererer

    charliefedererer Legend

    Joined:
    Feb 13, 2009
    Messages:
    5,639
    I'll bet you are not flowing out of your tossing motion into your trophy pose.

    My guess is that you are tossing, and only then coiling/bending your knees, resulting in a jerky, rushed attempt to get into your trophy pose .

    The toss should incorporate body movements so you are already incorporating some coil/knee bend as you keep raising that tossing arm high to get a pronounced shoulder tilt. Listen to Brent Abel as he begs us to serve with purpose of not just getting the ball into the proper position, but to use the toss to get us into a comfortable, balanced agressive trophy pose: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeZp90h-Ar8&feature=channel Pay attention to his hint that your front hip must be "pushed out" to counterbalance your backward tilt of the upper body in the "bow position", as is also emphasized by Will Hamiltion in this video: http://www.fuzzyyellowballs.com/vid...technique/leading-with-your-hip-when-serving/


    Once in a comfortable, balanced, unrushed trophy pose, it will just seem natural to have a balanced leg pushoff as you "hit up the mountain" for your monster serve.

    I hope this helps.
     
    #33
  34. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    HAHA!! agreed...and good post.
     
    #34
  35. GPB

    GPB Professional

    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2008
    Messages:
    1,187
    Location:
    Jacksonville, FL
    I find myself putting too much weight over my front leg, letting my back one just move wherever it wants (usually sliding up towards the front).

    In practice, I try to focus on keeping my weight balanced between the two feet, as I think that's the whole point behind the platform stance. It looks like I'm correct in this thinking, reading the posts above.

    Stay balanced, get a twist, stick out the hip, and then go get it!
     
    #35
  36. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    No, not important to know the % to be able to perform the the action. Just like it is not necessary to know the exact numerical court dimensions to be able to properly hit your shots deep into NML.
     
    #36
  37. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    yet you claim otherwise in previous posts...backtracking eh?
     
    #37
  38. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    Never claimed otherwise. Please cite what you think is an example.
     
    #38
  39. bad_call

    bad_call Legend

    Joined:
    Aug 23, 2006
    Messages:
    5,437
    no point continuing since % don't matter IYO.
     
    #39
  40. SystemicAnomaly

    SystemicAnomaly G.O.A.T.

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2006
    Messages:
    11,042
    Location:
    Stuck in the Matrix somewhere in Santa Clara CA
    You are either misrepresenting or misunderstanding what I posted. My point is that putting a numerical value on those percentages is not really that important. I am not saying that is not of value to say that the one leg (the front one) pushes off more than the other.
     
    #40

Share This Page