Single handed backhand for juniors...

Discussion in 'Tennis Tips/Instruction' started by Ash_Smith, Jun 19, 2011.

  1. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    the shoulder is a joint? gee thanks. so i guess that means the hip is a joint too as well as the wrist. you learn something everyday here.

    1hbh is powered by the shoulder. not the back. i guess that explains why you tell everyone to open up on the 1hbh. If you are using the back for power then you are doing it wrong.

    power comes from muscle contractions not stretched muscles. you are confusing ssc on the fh with something else. there is ssc on a 1hbh but in much less capacity and just about unnoticeable and occurs mostly in segments of the kinetic chain, if you have one, on a 1hbh and after that a little bit on the forearm if you have good form.
     
    Last edited: Jan 21, 2013
  2. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    powered by the shoulder lol.... yeah, lots of power in there... good luck.
     
  3. BevelDevil

    BevelDevil Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 10, 2010
    Messages:
    1,541
    I never said they didn't use Eastern! So I was 100% right. Thanks!

    There are different variations of pure Eastern (knuckle on top) depending on the position of the heel pad of the palm.

    The "classic"/"textbook" Eastern has the heelpad on the top bevel. This creates the "steak knife" or "pistol" grip.

    The Eastern that pros use (including Federer) puts the heelpad somewhere on bevel 8 or even closer to 7, which is more behind the handle. This makes the grip play "extreme" even though the index knuckle is in the same spot. This is called a "hammer" grip by some.


    Try this: Put on a normal Eastern grip. Now roll the heel of your palm down (behind the handle) as far as it can go while keeping your index knuckle on top. This will make your all your knuckles line up on the top bevel. Now go hit some balls. It should feel pretty damn extreme, right? That's because it is more extreme even though it is still technically called "Eastern." So I would have no qualms about calling this grip "extreme."

    The heelpad is probably more important than the index knuckle in determining how extreme a grip plays. I'm pretty sure Gasquet has his heel down further than Federer.

    So a player can change the nature of his Eastern grip simply by changing the heel pad and keeping the index knuckle in the same place. i.e., he can make it more "extreme" even though it is technically still "Eastern".

    FYI, in the past they used to have different names for grip depending on where the heelpad was. For some reason, the system became simplified to only looking at the index knuckle. This was a bad overrsimplification.
     
  4. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    there's no power in the shoulder muscles? lol. ok.
     
  5. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    good point Devil... yeah, that pistol E grip, you can't really supinate with it.

    on a side note, I think the BOTTOM of the grip is much more important than the top..... you can't do anything with the top...

    but you must have good leverage from the bottom to lift the racket head up and to the right when the arm supinates.
     
  6. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    how do you exactly power it with the shoulder? i think it's called arming the ball.
     
  7. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    the power source -

    it's almost a mirror image of the ww fh.

    from the power position (the 1hbh version of padding the dog), the hips open up clockwise. this creates a stretch in the back muscles... the you contract the back muscles, bringing the arm up and across.... during this process you will feel pressure points -

    1) on the heel pad because the opening up of the torso is dragging the racket forward

    2) on the top 2 sections of the middle and ring fingers because the torso unwind is also pulling the racket up.

    this is when you engage the forearm to actively supinate leveraging the above mentioned pressure points.

    this is how you get to the finish that looks like Dimitrov.
     
  8. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    The same way you should use the shoulder in the forehand.

    And another thing, the TOP of the grip on the 1hbh should be emphasized, Not the bottom. Specifically the knuckle on the top bevel for an eastern grip. A good one hander pulls the buttcap to the ball. You feel this pull
    all along on the top bevel from your index finger, down your hand to the buttcap. If you concentrate on the bottom this will lead to tension in the hand wrist which you don't want. Loose grip is better and faster. The supination should be directed/felt along the top bevel. The leading edge, the same way concentration/emphasis is on the 4th bevel etc on a forehand with a semi-western grip.

    This is another reason people use the 'pull the sword' analogy because when a samurai pulls the sword out of the sheath they pull from the TOP so that the blade (the bottom of the sword) doesn't scrape against the sheath and stays sharp. The sword is pulled out using the shoulder muscles. Not the back.
     
    Last edited: Jan 21, 2013
  9. boramiNYC

    boramiNYC Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2011
    Messages:
    2,361
    I know you have been advocating this for a while but I don't agree. most top 1hbh in fact use pistol grip and it doesn't mean the heelpad will be on top bevil. and I don't think it's that important point. the heelpad can be changed slightly depending on situations. but for anyone who wants to involve wrist instead of locking should use pistol grip.
     
  10. boramiNYC

    boramiNYC Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2011
    Messages:
    2,361
    can't be farther from the truth, IMO. in your opinion do you have a solid 1hbh?
     
  11. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    not making much sense.... maybe there is a disconnect.

    supination, racket face wipes windshield clockwise, how do you provide any leverage on the top bevel?

    btw - drawing a sword is actually a pretty bad analogy..... this is from the old school and you won't have any leverage on balls above chest unless you flip the racket face on the way up to the ball.
     
  12. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    my strike zone is up to my eye balls (in a good way lol), and the racket face is closed, from the power position all the way thru to the end of the follow thru.

    can't be more solid than that.
     
  13. LeeD

    LeeD Bionic Poster

    Joined:
    Dec 28, 2008
    Messages:
    36,365
    Location:
    East side of San Francisco Bay
    Drawing a sword is not a great analogy, but better than nothing.
    Maybe throwing a frisbee backhand? But that leads to direct takeback, no loop.
     
  14. boramiNYC

    boramiNYC Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2011
    Messages:
    2,361
    yes I like the frisbee better than sword but the shoulder is lifted as well as opened even tho the racquet may travel pretty flat.
     
  15. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    close enough -

    frisbee analogy takes care of the power source and the motion of the arm....

    key issue is how do you teach the hand to do what it needs to do to get to a finish like wawrinka or dimitrov..... the old style does not have this element.
     
  16. boramiNYC

    boramiNYC Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2011
    Messages:
    2,361
    I think bringing in the term WW is not good. the wrist simply doesn't move as the mirror image of fh. the racquet head cannot go down as much and the swing path needs to be flatter than fh. it doesn't look like WW. the hand supinates completely within that flat swing path. this path can be tilted for lower balls but still I wouldn't call it WW.
     
  17. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    it's not rocket science.... just go out and hit a bunch of chest high balls... this is the height that the old style already has problem with....

    but.... if you just try to side-cut the ball with the leading edge as hard as you can, forget about staying sideways, and just uses whatever grip you feel the most comfortable with.... you will find 1hbh is such a breeze to hit.

    these debates maybe interesting while watching a couple of chicks playing tennis..... but go trying it out, takes a couple of hitting sessions to get used to...

    you will see tremendous increase in spin and control, without sacrificing pace.
     
  18. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    You don't get much I'll give you that. I guess the fingers tighten on contact just as they do on a forehand. You get leverage by pulling the buttcap towards the ball and then when buttcap passes the ball and comes across. the leverage come there just like in a fh. Like a hammer. To properly hammer a nail you don't drive the head straight down. Well, you can.. but the pros pull on the handle and then pull back (across) and the L shape and the direction change and the angle gives them leverage to pound it in in only a couple of hits instead of hacks who take 10 hits while they tap tap tap in the nail.

    drawing the sword is not a bad analogy. You pull out a sword leading by end of the handle. You don't think fed looks like he's drawing a sword here? And look at his shoulder. You don't think he's using it here?
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oX7CcDIkMhE
     
  19. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    oh it can go down alright.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_uVCOQY50OA

    pause at 0:12

    kohschreiber's and Almagro's don't go down like this..... but wawrinka's is similar to dimitrov's
     
  20. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    The Frisbee analogy is not bad
     
  21. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    @cheetah - pulling the butt, sure, no argument there.

    both new guy like dimitrov and old guy like sampras pull the butt.... question is how do you get to a finish like dimitrov's
     
  22. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    idk... looking at that now.... my arm / hand can't do that at the end... lemme see if i can figure it out.
     
  23. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    here is a hint :)

    remember we had this discussion about the federer chop slice and he 'throws out the wrist'?

    now think the top spin drive being a mirror image of the chop slice.
     
  24. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    yeah, an upside-down chop slice.... that's the best analogy!
     
  25. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    yea but i can't my racquet head to be touching my back while my arm is straight. that's weird. looks cool but idk
     
  26. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    touching the back would require some major flexibility.... it doesn't matter as the ball is long gone.

    what matters is that finish tells us what happened in the swing... while he was pulling the butt, he also threw the leading edge upwards and across ACTIVELY.

    you can't get to that finish with the arm being entirely passive.

    try this on the battle field.... you will hit the most nasty dipping pass, it will be a nice surprise :)
     
  27. marosmith

    marosmith Professional

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,021
    Location:
    Lafayette, Or
    Completely agree, it's easier and people want instant results.
     
  28. boramiNYC

    boramiNYC Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2011
    Messages:
    2,361
    That shows the tilted plane swing path for the low ball not dropping the racquet head relative to the hand as in fh.
     
  29. boramiNYC

    boramiNYC Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2011
    Messages:
    2,361
    dimitrov has a very good 1hbh but his finish look doesn't look quite normal. Unusual flexibility involved somewhere and/or a slight technical problem. even gasquet doesn't go that far. in any case, I don't think a rec should model after his finishing form.
     
  30. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    'doesn't look normal' is right, unless you know what he is actually doing lol...

    it's nothing too extraordinary, it's supination.

    Fed does this, Stan does this.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wTjBXVQyiwg

    every bh he hits, his racket tip points to the back fence.

    Dimi just happened to do that one quite violently.
     
  31. BevelDevil

    BevelDevil Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 10, 2010
    Messages:
    1,541
    I don't want to spend time defining exactly what a "pistol" since it is often a matter of degree. It's my bad for bringing up the "pistol"; there's no need to reference the index finger when heelpad positioning is a more useful description of grip.

    My point is that many people are taught to grip the handle with the heel pad too high. However, doing this makes it harder to hit high balls. This is why all pros with Eastern grips have their heel pad much further back from the top.

    That was my main point.

    My other point is that the "extremeness" of the grip can by altered by changing heelpad positioning. I can tell you know this, but the guy I was replying to didn't.


    I agree that the higher the heelpad is, the easier it is to hit through the ball using supination, so it's a matter of choice/style.

    However, I think using a lot of supination on medium-high+ balls is harder to learn (but possible), and therefore we shouldn't advocate it for beginners.
     
  32. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
  33. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
  34. BevelDevil

    BevelDevil Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 10, 2010
    Messages:
    1,541
    Dimitrov isn't a good model because, like Fed, he straightens his arm late. This is enough of a reason when it comes to beginners/intermediates.

    In addition, he uses a lot of upward thrust with his leg, which is tough to time right.


    A Dimitrov/Federer stroke is something that should be grown into over the course of years. It's not something that someone should try to learn from scratch.
     
  35. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    that sounds like a matter of preference
     
  36. Relinquis

    Relinquis Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Dec 12, 2012
    Messages:
    4,335
    Location:
    On the courts; hard & clay ...
    you guys are discussing the follow through. yeah, they leave the arm lose and follow through fully.

    Or are you suggesting that there is supination at contact?!
     
  37. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    you can't have a passive forearm at contact and expect it to happen at the follow thru.

    like the ww FH.... the arm is not passive.... it's "reactive".... it reacts to the increasing centrifugal force from the core rotation, then actively pronate.

    bh is basically the same.

    bottom line is, it's not drawing a sword or tossing a frisbee where the finish point is way high out there at 1 oclock....... it's a yank to the right while addressing the ball with the leading edge.
     
  38. pkshooter

    pkshooter Semi-Pro

    Joined:
    Apr 22, 2012
    Messages:
    588
    Location:
    In front of the TV
    When I was little, actually I'm still technically a kid, I found a one-hander infinitely easier. Whereas ill admit I've never had real faith in my back hand till now, it seems to me the ohbh is less involved. That is after you've got the take back and turn down. Then you just let the racket's weight pull you through the stroke. Hopefully I'm not wrong cause I'm not going to learn a new stroke with finals coming up. Interesting thread
     
  39. Cheetah

    Cheetah Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Mar 29, 2011
    Messages:
    3,877
    Location:
    San Diego
    Yes we all know it's supination. Nothing new. I'm pretty sure all the regulars here with a 1hbh are using supination. I"ve been doing that since I was a kid. I just don't end up with the racquet head on my back. Nobody else does either except dimitrov.

    I wouldn't recommend him as a model for the 1hbh. Almagro, Stan, haas and even fed are better models to try to emulate.
     
  40. sureshs

    sureshs Bionic Poster

    Joined:
    Oct 1, 2005
    Messages:
    35,051
    I am watching Almagro-Ferrer now, and while Al had several flashy DTL BHs (one at 90 mph), overall, many of his BHs are going short, and many of the attempted deeper ones are going long. I see a very clear superiority of control of the 2 hander by Ferrer, including much better net clearance, while Al is skimming the net. I really don't see a future for the 1 hander.
     
  41. BevelDevil

    BevelDevil Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 10, 2010
    Messages:
    1,541

    It's not preference. It's just my guess about what method will get kids using a workable 1hbh.

    And my guess is that if a kid tries to copy dimitrov from scratch, he will be outperformed by 2-handers, as well as by 1-handers using a more simple model. Consistency will be tough, and so will high balls. Then, competitive pressure and/or frustration will then drive him to the 2hbh.


    It's just my guess though. But it makes sense to think simpler is more effective for beginners. They can add other stuff later, which is what usually happens.

    If a young kid wants to hit like the pros, he should probably follow the steps the pros took to develop their swing, rather that immediately try to mimic the end product. Learn algebra before calculus.


    Federer himself started with much more basic, conventional strokes. Watch this video of Federer playing when he was 16:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=30R-Oyk-A1c

    While there are flashes of his future strokes, they are noticably more rigid in this vid. It was only later that he fully developed and consistently used his distict bh and forehand.

    Patience pays off, especially if we're talking about young juniors.
     
  42. marosmith

    marosmith Professional

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,021
    Location:
    Lafayette, Or
    I guess your commentary is opposite of everyone on TV and everyone else who watched the match.
     
  43. FrisbeeFool

    FrisbeeFool Rookie

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2012
    Messages:
    377
    Flexibility, a lot of racket head speed, solid fundamentals, years of training etc. etc.

    Not everybody has the flexibility to hit a forehand like Djokovic either. It's easier to focus on the fundamentals when you're teaching before you get to the advanced stuff. You have to crawl before you walk. From your post's, I can tell you have no idea what the basic fundamentals of a one-handed backhand are.
     
  44. FrisbeeFool

    FrisbeeFool Rookie

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2012
    Messages:
    377
    It's all about personal comfort. And what works best for the individual player, and having a flexible coach that can work with the player and teach in a way that makes sense to them.

    Federer has said he couldn't hit a two hander well and it felt awkward and he gravitated towards the one hander. Djokovic started out with a one-hander but later switched to a 2 hander because the one-hander wasn't the shot for him.

    Hopefully the coach understands the fundamentals of the one-hander and 2 hander and can teach both.

    The coach I took lessons from played D1 and hit a 2 hander in college. He still had the ability to teach me a very sound one-hander when he realized that was the easier more natural shot for me.
     
  45. boramiNYC

    boramiNYC Hall of Fame

    Joined:
    Jun 29, 2011
    Messages:
    2,361
    That's very true. That's why I see value in all the traditional and conventional teachings. It's much easier to add things on and fine tune from there.
     
  46. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    a similar debate can be made on the fh side.... do you teach the above the shoulder finish to the jr beginners, or the ww finish with hand to the left side of the body?

    i don't think a detour is needed.... others think otherwise.. that's fine.
     
  47. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    no - that jr girl is flexible enough, but the racket is nowhere near Dimi's finish.

    it's a completely different body language.
     
  48. sureshs

    sureshs Bionic Poster

    Joined:
    Oct 1, 2005
    Messages:
    35,051
    Everyone is impressed by the flashiness and the 90 mph DTL shots. I saw what really happened. As the match progressed, the BH got shorter and shorter, and gave Ferrer the small chance to start an offensive phase, eventually leading him to dominate. The deeper BHs went in only when backed by utmost confidence - a little nerves and they went long.
     
  49. luvforty

    luvforty Banned

    Joined:
    Dec 17, 2012
    Messages:
    1,294
    Almagro's bh is quite old school (flattish shot).
     
  50. marosmith

    marosmith Professional

    Joined:
    Feb 25, 2009
    Messages:
    1,021
    Location:
    Lafayette, Or
    Wrong, it was the forehand cross court exchanges he was losing, most of the winners and forced errors were generated by his backhand and the bh to bh rallied were dominated by Almagro's superior BH
     

Share This Page