Urging you to do some reading is not dodging your request. You look for an article or two, I base judgements on decades of work in biochemistry. When I urged you to do some reading, I meant you should do so in some depth. I'm concerned about your reading comprehension when you infer I said "lycopene in raw tomatos or supplements is not bioavailable at all." Where did you see that? I said it has "very little" bioavailability unless cooked, which is the consensus of quite alot of literature I've read on the subject.