Came across this on smh.com.au. The article is couple of years old. Didn't know which section of the board this would fit in, so here it is. Note one very interesting opinion that 2 H BH causes injuries ------------------------------------------------------------------------ From codeine to a dose of code two October 30, 2004 A Sydneysider who fears tennis has brought itself to breaking point is lobbying for a revolutionary version of the sport to end the pain, writes Philip Derriman. During his long career as a broadcaster, Alan McGilvray often called on cricket authorities to do away with the leg bye, arguing it was plainly nonsensical since, by definition, it rewarded the batting side for a batsman's error - trying to hit the ball and missing. McGilvray was an influential figure in cricket, yet his crusade against the leg bye got nowhere, showing how hard it is for an individual to persuade a sport to change its rules. Gary Simmonds of Sydney, a student of tennis and former coach, is aware of this, yet he has begun a similar crusade of his own: trying to persuade tennis authorities to introduce new rules - or, rather, revert to old rules - to reduce injuries. His submission is about to be forwarded to the International Tennis Federation. He says injuries in elite tennis are occurring at an alarming rate. In the past three years, Gustavo Kuerten, Guillermo Coria, Tommy Haas, Mark Philippoussis, Pat Rafter, Goran Ivanisevic, Thomas Johansson, Lindsay Davenport, Kim Clijsters, Serena Williams, Alicia Molik and Martina Hingis have all had surgery to repair various injuries. Numerous others have been sidelined by injury for certain periods, among them Juan Carlos Ferrero, Andre Agassi, Carlos Moya, Marat Safin, Venus Williams and Jennifer Capriati. While nobody doubts the nature of the modern game is responsible for the injuries, few people seem to understand why and how. Even fewer have come up with a remedy. Having spent three years researching the subject, Simmonds is not only convinced he has identified the causes of the injuries, but believes he knows how the problem can be fixed. He argues the bulk of the injuries stem from five features of modern tennis - the airborne serve; double-handed groundstrokes; the extreme groundstroke grips, both forehand and backhand, that are encouraged by big-headed racquets; the obsession with fitness, which leads to overtraining; and unsuitable court surfaces. He has produced a detailed analysis to show how each of the five factors puts the body under extra stress. The airborne serve means a player lands on the same foot over and over, jarring the leg and hip; double-handed shots force players to take an extra half-step to get to the ball, resulting in stretching and straining; and extreme grips cause players to contort themselves while dealing with low balls, thereby harming spines and various joints. Because all these factors are the product of rule changes in past decades, his solution is to change the rules back. Thus, Simmonds would like to see players keep one foot on the ground while serving (obligatory until 1958), double-handed ground strokes prohibited and racquet heads reduced in size. In other words, tennis would be played much as it was until the 1950s, when, significantly, injuries were not nearly as common. According to Simmonds, although the ITF might see the logic, it would be reluctant to act for fear of being sued by racquet manufacturers, which have invested heavily in big-headed racquets, and by players, who might claim loss of livelihood. He therefore proposes that the ITF should introduce a second version of tennis incorporating the safer rules, which he calls "code two" tennis. There would be no risk of litigation, he says, since everyone could choose to keep playing under current rules with modern racquets, but he believes players would gradually switch of their own accord to code two tennis to avoid injury. As a bonus, he says, the game would regain much of its old style, variety and subtlety and so have more appeal for spectators. "Tennis players are great imitators," Simmonds says. "If they see a successful player doing something, they'll incorporate it without knowing whether it's beneficial or harmful." The worst example of this, in his view, is John McEnroe's serving stance. McEnroe stood facing the side of the court, then hopped front-on to get into a follow-through position. "Players with the McEnroe stance - they've got troubles, all of them," Simmonds says. "It upsets the shoulders and the front leg." Simmonds says large-headed racquets have much to answer for. By making top-spin strokes with extreme grips easier, they have encouraged a baseline running game, which has required players to be super fit - leading to injuries from overtraining. "There's now a huge emphasis on running. It's constant-movement tennis. All Lleyton Hewitt does is run, run, run. When you run and run, back and forwards, people in the gallery start to feel tired, too. Players are not only wearing themselves out, they're wearing spectators out. The game is speeded up and every shot looks the same." A return to old rules would revive obsolete shots such as the underspin lob, which could usually be retrieved, allowing the rally to continue. Instead, today's big-headed racquets enable moderately skilled players to hit top-spin lobs for winners, deterring players from coming to the net. "There's no incentive to come in and volley, which is why there are only a few serve-volleyers left," says Simmonds. "Once you get down to baseline tennis only, the game is reduced because you're not using the whole court."