He appealed because there's a structural flaw built-in to this system. He wants to play in USTA leagues. USTA league teams want him to play at 3.5, where he'll win, and want nothing to do with him at 4.0, where he won't win. The USTA is not giving him, or anybody else for that matter, any incentive to continue taking losses at the higher level. VIDEO GAMES do a better job at this than the USTA. You level up in a video game, you don't stop playing, and you certainly don't keep hanging around at the previous level. Why? Because there's no reason to. Can we say the same thing about USTA tennis? No - and that's the problem.