Word of the day

Yin and yang

Eastern thought, the two complementary forces that make up all aspects and phenomena of life.
Yin is a symbol of earth, femaleness, darkness, passivity, and absorption. ...
Yang is conceived of as heaven, maleness, light, activity, and penetration.
What is the true meaning of yin and yang?

The ubiquitous yin-yang symbol holds its roots in Taoism/Daoism, a Chinese religion and philosophy. The yin, the dark swirl, is associated with shadows, femininity, and the trough of a wave; the yang, the light swirl, represents brightness, passion and growth

Yin/yang
is a concept of dualism, describing how obviously opposite or contrary forces may actually be complementary, interconnected, and interdependent in the natural world, and how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another. In Chinese cosmology, the universe creates itself out of a primary chaos of material energy, organized into the cycles of Yin and Yang and formed into objects and lives. Yin is the receptive and Yang the active principle, seen in all forms of change and difference such as the annual cycle (winter and summer), the landscape (north-facing shade and south-facing brightness), sexual coupling (female and male), the formation of both men and women as characters and sociopolitical history (disorder and order).

 
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Origin of the names of some common "foods"

Mayonnaise
- Name derived from the city of Mahon on the island
of Minorca
- eventually called Mahonaisse by the French- and mayonnaise in America.
Until about 1912 it was considered a delicacy- served at elegant meals- Then
Richard Hellman began packaging it and selling it in jars and it became the condiment we
know today.

More, later-
 
One more

Popsicle- Back in the early 1900s, about 1905,
they had a powdered soda mix so that you could
make your own soft drink (it was for kids.
One kid left his out on the back porch overnight
and it froze with the stirring stick pointing straight up.
Eighteen years later he patented the
"Popsicle" since it was made with soda pop.

and another

7-UP- In 1929, just before the stock market crash, Charles L Grigg
began selling a beverage called Bib-Label Lithiated Lime-Soda.
Slogan: "Takes the ouch out of grouch". It became a success
during the depression- possibly because it contained lithium-
now often perscribed for manic-depressives.
The original name was too long- eventually shortened to 7-UP
because it was 7 ounces and you drink it up.


In the mid 40s they eliminated the lithium
 
Amusia: The inability to recognize musical tones or to reproduce them.
Amusia can be congenital (present at birth) or be acquired sometime later in life (as from brain damage).
Amusia is composed of a- + -musia and literally means the lack of music. Also commonly called tone deafness.


Musical anhedonia is a neurological condition characterized by an inability to derive pleasure from music.
People with this condition, unlike those suffering from music agnosia, can recognize and understand music but fail to enjoy it.
 
Non sequitur

A non sequitur is a conversational literary device, often used for comedic purposes. It is something said that,
because of its apparent lack of meaning relative to what preceded it, seems absurd to the point of being humorous or confusing.


A conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from the previous argument or statement.
"his weird mixed metaphors and non sequiturs".

The logical fallacy of non sequitur (“it does not follow”) occurs when there is not even a deceptively plausible appearance of valid reasoning,
because there is an obvious lack of connection between the given premises and the conclusion drawn from them.

Here are some examples of the non sequitur
(which may or may not be funny)

 
Chiromancy- Palmistry, also known as palm reading, chiromancy, or chirology, is the practice of fortune-telling through the study of the palm. The practice is found all over the world, with numerous cultural variations. Those who practice chiromancy are generally called palmists, hand readers, hand analysts, or chirologists.

 
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Pedagogue- Teacher, schoolmaster especially : a dull, formal, or pedantic teacher.

Pedantic
- A pedant is a person who is excessively concerned with formalism, accuracy, and precision, or one who makes an ostentatious and arrogant show of learning.
 
Mashie-niblick

Old golf clubs had these strange names.
Here is a chart showing their modern equivalence.


  • Driving iron: 1 Iron
  • Mid-iron: 2 Iron
  • Mid-mashie: 3 Iron
  • Mashie iron: 4 Iron
  • Mashie: 5 Iron
  • Spade mashie: 6 Iron
  • Mashie-niblick: 7 Iron
  • Pitching niblick: 8 Iron
  • Niblick: 9 Iron
  • Jigger: Very low lofted iron, shortened shaft, similar to a modern chipper.

"Mashie" is derived from French massue, "club", while "niblick" is diminutive of nib, "little nose."
 
Novel
The word “novel” comes from the Latin word “novella” which means “new things” which was adapted in the French word “nouvelle”
and the Italian word “novella” which means “short story.” It was first used in the English language in the 1560s.


A novel is a relatively long work of fiction, typically written in prose and published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives
from the Italian: novella for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself from the Latin: novella, a singular noun use of the neuter plural of novellus, diminutive of novus, meaning "new".

Some novelists, preferred the term "romance" to describe their novels.

The novel has "a continuous and comprehensive history of about two thousand years", with its origins in the Ancient Greek and Roman novel, in Chivalric romance , and in the tradition of the Italian renaissance novella. The ancient romance form was revived by Romanticism, especially the historical romances of Walter Scott and the Gothic novel. Some suggest that a novel is a fiction narrative that displays a realistic depiction of the state of a society, while the romance encompasses any fictitious narrative that emphasizes marvellous or uncommon incidents.

Works of fiction that include marvellous or uncommon incidents are also novels, for example The Lord of the Rings, To Kill a Mockingbird and Frankenstein "Romances" are works of fiction whose main emphasis is on marvellous or unusual incidents, and should not be confused with the romance novel, a type of genre fiction that focuses on romantic love. Murasaki Shikabu's Tale of the Genji, an early 11th-century Japanese text, has sometimes been described as the world's first novel, but there is considerable debate over this — there were certainly long fictional works that preceded it. Later developments occurred after the invention of the printing press. Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote (the first part of which was published in 1605), is frequently cited as the first significant European novelist of the modern era. Some suggest that the modern novel was born in the early 18th century.

Modern Novel
Literary modernism, or modernist literature, originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America,
and is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction writing.

Modernism experimented with literary form and expression, as exemplified by Ezra Pound's maxim to "Make it new."[1] This literary movement was driven by a conscious desire to overturn traditional modes of representation and express the new sensibilities of their time. The horrors of the First World War saw the prevailing assumptions about society reassessed, and much modernist writing engages with the technological advances and societal changes of modernity moving into the 20th century.
All this occured during the time of Freudianism, Surrealism, Dada, Absurdism- When logic, reality, tradition, knowledge, society,and sensibility were being reconsidered.

Post modernism
The central message of postmodernism essentially states that there is no such thing as an objective, single truth independent of humans' capacity to interpret and explain.
Postmodernism was a reaction against modernism. ... Postmodern art drew on philosophy of the mid to late twentieth century, and advocated that individual experience and interpretation of our experience was more concrete than abstract principles.

Postmodern literature is a form of literature which is marked, both stylistically and ideologically, by a reliance on such literary conventions as fragmentation, paradox, unreliable narrators, often unrealistic and downright impossible plots, games, parody, paranoia, dark humor and authorial self-reference.

5 Characteristics of Postmodern Literature
  • Embrace of randomness. Postmodern works reject the idea of absolute meaning and instead embrace randomness and disorder. ...
  • Playfulness. ...
  • Fragmentation. ...
  • Metafiction. ...
  • Intertextuality.
 
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Absolutism
A principle that there are absolute standards by which a work can be judged.

Relativism
Relativism, roughly put, is the view that truth and falsity, right and wrong, standards of reasoning, and procedures of criticism are products of differing conventions and frameworks of assessment and that their authority is confined to the context giving rise to them.
 
Antinovel
A general (somewhat misleading) term for fiction that tends to be experimental-
breaking away from or rejecting traditional elements of the novel- avoiding realism
or naturalism and establishing its own "conventions"- breaking away from expectations.

An antinovel may lack an obvious plot, have limited character development,
experiment with vocabulary, chronology, perception, or focus on minute details.
Imagine the difference between Charles Dickens and Samuel Beckett.

Metafiction
Just as mathematical theorems/systems can be "understood" by viewing them from
a higher, more comprehensive platform- metafiction is a kind of self-conscious, self-reflective
work that in a sense examing the creative process from a higher plane-
John Barth concisely defines metafiction as a “novel that imitates a novel rather than the real world”.
 
Archtype
Archtypes are universal patterns found in human existnce, history, relationships, religions, family dynamics and so on
that seem to transcend country, society, culture, or time.
Typical examples might be the Oedipus trilogy, or the tales of the hero's journey
which you might find in novels like One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.



Epistolary novel
An epistolary novel
is a novel written as a series of documents. The usual form is letters, although diary entries, newspaper clippings and other documents are sometimes used.
Now, almost nobody writes letters- so the form may include blogs, email, and so on.
 
(Non-literary term)

Absquatulate
To abruptly decamp, take off, fly the coop, abscond, flee, quickly depart- often from a difficult situation.
 

Azure

G.O.A.T.
Archtype
Archtypes are universal patterns found in human existnce, history, relationships, religions, family dynamics and so on
that seem to transcend country, society, culture, or time.
Typical examples might be the Oedipus trilogy, or the tales of the hero's journey
which you might find in novels like One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.



Epistolary novel
An epistolary novel
is a novel written as a series of documents. The usual form is letters, although diary entries, newspaper clippings and other documents are sometimes used.
Now, almost nobody writes letters- so the form may include blogs, email, and so on.
I loved Van Gogh's letters - the epistolary novel based on it is a treasure!
 
Sommelier
A sommelier, or wine steward, is a trained and knowledgeable wine professional, normally working in fine restaurants, who specializes in all aspects of wine service as well as wine and food pairing. The role of the wine steward in fine dining today is much more specialized and informed than that of a "wine waiter".

After passing the Introductory Sommelier Course Examination, students are eligible to sit the Certified Sommelier Examination (Theory, Tasting and Service). Students have three years after passing the Introductory Examination to sit the Certified Sommelier Examination.

Is sommelier a good career? It's not only an interesting and exciting career track. It can be downright lucrative. You can even watch a sommelier documentary if you're so inclined. A master sommelier salary is one of the highest in the hospitality business, while an advanced or certified sommelier salary is competitive, too.
 
Requiem
A mass for the repose of the dead or a musical composition of similar character to a mass, also an act or token of remembrance.
 
Syncope
A temporary loss of consciousness due to falling blood pressure- or
Omitting sounds from words- like children dropping the "r" from library.
 
Monkey, ape, chimpanzee

Monkeys are primates, not a type of ape. They have tails- some prehensile.
Include baboons, spider monkeys, howler monkeys, mandrills, marmosets, capuchins. Found on four continents (not Australia).

Apes are primates, but not a type of monkey. "Great" apes include gorillas, orangutans, bonobons, chimpanzees.
Apes tend to be mentally complex. They do not have external tails. Gibbons are also apes, but not great apes.
They can brachiate through tree branches and walk upright for short distances. They are found in Africa and Asia.

Chimpanzees are a type of ape- primates, but not monkeys. There are two species, the common chimp and the bonobo (pygmy chimp).

Humans are primates and share about 99 percent of DNA with chimps.
 
Mukluk- a high, soft boot worn by indigenous peoples of the arctic- usually made of seal or reindeer skin.
By extension a similar, warm modern boot.

Ferruginous- containing iron oxides or rust. Rust colored.

Odalisque- a female slave in a harem/seraglio, a concubine.
 
Canard
From the French for "duck", it means a hoax, unfounded rumor, fabrication, "fake news".
It can also refer to wing-like stabilizers at the front of an airplane.
 
Pachyderm
Any of various large animals with thick skin- elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, pig, tapir.
So, it's not just elephants.
When we think of painting for pleasure, we normally think of elephants, but it's not just elephants.
There is also Sylvester Stallone.
 
Coco- has to do with the coconut palm- the fruit of the coconut palm.

Cacao- is basically the less processed, unroasted, products of the cacao tree- including
raw beans, diced beans (nibs), cacao paste or bars, cacao butter (from the fatty outer lining) and cacao powder (without the fat).

Cocoa- more processed- the cacao beans are separated from the fatty cover and roasted and ground into
cocoa powder.

Chocolate- is made with both the cocoa butter and cocoa solids.
 
Marmorial
Like marble/a marble statue - cool, white, remote, aloof.
Often used to describe a person's skin or attitude.
 
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Fractious
Quarrelsome, irritable, disobedient, unmanageable, contrary- often used to describe children, animals that resist
taming, groups that squabble among themselves.
 
Nacre
Also known as mother of pearl, is a substance formed by various mollusks to protect their sensitive living parts. Nacre coats the inner surface of the shell, and is The substance from which pearls are formed.
 
Patrician features
When you see this term being used, what does the speaker or writer intend it to mean?
Basically, it means aristocratic features- but what are those. We know some inbred aristocrats that are quite ugly. So, let us assume the term is a projection of stereotypical values of the social elite "people that look like me, but better"- high born, aristocratic, noble, of "fine" society.
 
Blanch
Means to turn pale, or white, from fear or shock. It also is a cooking term- meaning to scald (usually fruit or vegetables) briefly in hot water, then chill in iced water before using, freezing, or preserving.
 
Gridiron
So, why is a football field called a gridiron? Supposedly because the parallel lines resemble
the "gridwork" of a barbecue rack or a broiler rack or a grilling rack- but when we go out to the patio to
cook some burgers do we ever say "throw them on the gridiron"? I never have.
We need to come up with a better word.
 
Jelly
A clear fruit spread made mostly from cooked fruit juice- with sugar and maybe pectin added- strained to remove the solids.

Jam
Thick fruit spread with purée of fruit, chopped or crushed pieces- may have sugar, pectin added.

Preserves
A more chunky fruit spread, with large pieces of fruit, whole berries, suspended in a jam-like base.

Aspic
A savory jelly made of meat stock, often used in a mold to "suspend" meats, eggs, seafood.
"Chicken in aspic".
 
Perturbation

A deviation from the normal physical system, moving object, biological system- most often by the action of some outside force, a " disturbance in the force". Also, a general sense of anxiety or uneasiness.
 
Hitachi
Issue
Matchu picchu
Eschew
Cashew

These words have one thing in common.

When you hear someone say any one of them, you can say
"gesundheit", and get (at best) a reluctant laugh.

Any others?
 
Hyperthymesia
The ability to recall (nearly) every event of ones life- sometimes refereed to as autobiographical memory.

Eidetic memory
Relating to mental images of unusual vividness and detail.
 

Vcore89

G.O.A.T.
octopi is a try at the Latin plural of octopus, however, it's neither Latin in origin nor Greek. In the future, stick to the puses, i.e., octopuses and platypuses.
 

Vcore89

G.O.A.T.
Chiromancy- Palmistry, also known as palm reading, chiromancy, or chirology, is the practice of fortune-telling through the study of the palm. The practice is found all over the world, with numerous cultural variations. Those who practice chiromancy are generally called palmists, hand readers, hand analysts, or chirologists.

Have you had it read?
 

Vcore89

G.O.A.T.
No, unfortunately, on the one day that I had an opportunity my horoscope and and the scattering of my
chickens suggested possible danger from knowing too much.
Perhaps oneiromancy [interpretive dreams] better suits you; dreams of years of plenty to be followed by years of famine?
 
Words similar in meaning to swamp.
In this case a wet bit of soggy land and not like, oh I was so swamped at work today.

Fen, quagmire,mire, marsh, bog, swampland, morass,wetland, bayou, moor, slough, wash, muskeg.

More?
 

AntonZweck

New User
Methionylthreonylthreonylglutaminylarginy is the start of the 189,819 letters-long chemical name for the titin protein found in humans. It cannot be found in the dictionaries for practical reasons, it is about 57 pages long.
 
Here are some predictive methods that I found back on page 2

Augur, divine, forebode, prognosticate, bode, prophecy, soothsay, sibylic, mantic- just a few
words related to those who profess to predict the future. Below are some words for techniques/medhods used
in such hariolation.

Aeromancy- from the state, quality, direction, smell... of the air.
Anthropomancy- from an examination of human entrails.
Cartomancy- cards- tarot.
Ceromancy- from designs formed from melted wax dripped into water.
Crystal gazing- self explainatory.
Genethlialogy- from the position of the stars (heavenly bodies) at someone's birth.
Halomancy- by salt.
Horoscopy- from a diagram of the stars/planets.
Hydromancy- from tides, water, liquids.
Keraunoscopia- from thunder.
Myomancy- from the movement of mice.
Necromancy- from communication with the dead.
Oenomancy- from properties of wine, especially color.
Oomancy, eggs.
Oneiromancy- from dreams.
Ornithomancy- from the flight of birds.
Palmistry, chiromancy- from reading the lines/marks in ones palm.
Pedomancy- from the soles of a persons feet.
Pyromancy- from fire.
Rhabdomancy- by rods, wands, sticks- divining rods- dowsing.
Scapulimancy- from shoulder blades.
Sorcery- from communication with spirits.
Tasseomancy- tea leaves.
Theomancy- from divinely inspired oracles
 
Tidal wave
A swelling of cresting water dur to the moon's gravitational effect, both normal and atypically large waves. Tidal waves tend to affect theoceans surface only to depths of about 39 feet.

Tsunami
These are ocean waves triggered by an earthquake, landslide, volcano or meteorite. In the open ocean the waves are minimal, but as they bunch up near a coast can reach heights of 100 feet.
 
Gird
means to circle or enclose within a protective barrier- often with a belt or band- by extension to prepare for a difficult challenge- also a kind of shoulder injury.

Girth
The measurement around the middle, or thickest part, of something, like a Sequoia redwood or the stomach of a fat person. "He was a person of exceptional girth".
 
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